National Parks in Egypt

  • Ras Muhammad National Park
  • Zaranik Protected Area
  • Al Ahrash Reserve
  • El Omayed Reserve
  • Elba Protected Area
  • Salouga and Ghazal
  • St. Catherine’s National Park
  • Lake Qarun protected Area
  • Wadi El Rayan 
  • Wadi El Alaqi
  • Wadi El Assiuti
  • El Hassana Dome
  • The Petrified Forest
  • Sannur Valley
  • Nabq Protected Area
  • Abu Gallum 
  • Lake Burullus
  • The White Desert

National Parks in Egypt

National Parks in Egypt


The unique geographical location of Egypt, at the northeast corner of the African continent, where it joins with Asia, coupled with the fact that it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the east, endows it with a rich natural heritage.

In a bid to take action to conserve and preserve its biodiversity, flora, and fauna, Egypt passed law 102/1983, which empowered the Prime Minister of the country to designate certain areas to be declared as protectorates. To date, 28 protectorates have been declared, ranging from coastal, wetlands, geological and coastal protectorates.


Ras Muhammad National Park

Ras Mohamed was the first declared protected area in Egypt in 1983. It lies at the southern-most tip of the Sinai Peninsula, overlooking a panoramic view of the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba. A diversity of shoreline configurations and coral reef ecosystems that are internationally recognized as some of the world's best make up a small part of the park’s beauty, which also features mountains, valleys, gravel plains, and dunes. Also, more than 1,500 marine creatures can be found, which is why the park is a famous snorkeling and diving site.

Ras Muhammad has located about 20 km from Sharm, and 446 km from Cairo. There is only one place in Ras Mohamed where camping is admitted but visitors must get a permit from the Park Management located at the entrance.


Zaranik Protected Area

Zaranik Protected Area is located at the eastern end of Lake Bardawil on the Mediterranean coast of Sinai and was declared a protected area in 1985.

It is bordered on the north by the Mediterranean, on the south by Qantara - El Arish road, and on the east by a huge compound of tourist development areas where one can find comfortable accommodation.

The area is characterized by amazing flora and fauna, which includes rare species (up to 270), as well as migratory birds.

It is located around 30 km east of the town of El Arish and 300 km from Cairo and can be reached by road. 

National Parks in Egypt

There are several budget campsites and some double rooms.
Binoculars and telescopes are available for rent at the site.


Al Ahrash Reserve

Al Ahrash Reserve lies in the northeast corner of Egypt, bordering the huge expanded area of dunes that reach 60 meters in height above sea level.

The reserve is famous for its trees and plants, which densely cover the reserve, making it a natural and serene haven. Numerous acacia trees, various camphor trees, bushes, and pastoral plants can be found there.

Located between El Arish and Rafah cities in Northern Sinai, it can be reached by road from these cities.


El Omayed Reserve

This relatively small area of the Mediterranean coastal desert is characterized by the richest and most diverse flora in Egypt. Dunes of white sand by the sea are followed further inland by limestone ridges separated by depressions, some of which contain salt marshes. It is the only protected area that has this type of habitat.

Many birds migrate through in spring and autumn, providing excellent bird watching opportunities.

El Omayed is easily accessible from Alexandria, as well as the governorate of Matrouh.

Elba Protected Area

The Elba Protected area is an extensive and complex area comprised of several mangroves of the Red Sea, islands, coral reefs, coastal dunes, salt marshes, desert plains and a cluster of coastal mountains (Gabel Elba, Gabel Ebruq and Al Daeeb). 

Gabel Elba is the only igneous mountain rising to 1,437 meters. Its summit is a "mist oasis" where a considerable portion of the precipitation is contributed in the form of dew and clouds, creating a unique and rare ecosystem not found anywhere else in Egypt. 

Some 458 species are known in the reserve. Gabel Elba also supports a rich faunal diversity unparalleled in any other desert environment in Egypt. Forty species of birds and twenty-three species of mammals including the endangered sea cow Dugong - and thirty species of reptiles are found here. 

It is located in the south-eastern part of the eastern desert. 

 

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