Citadel of Saladin and Muhammad Aly Mosque

Perched high upon a deep slope in Cairo is the renowned Citadel of Saladin with it’s huge towering minarets of the Muhammad Ali Mosque looking out across Old Islamic Cairo and beyond. Originally called Qalaʿat Salāḥ ad-Dīn in Arabic, this magnificent structure hosts medieval and 19th century history with Museums showing all ranges of Egyptian rule through these periods. 
Roughly 15 to 25 minutes from Downtown Cairo, the Citadel of Saladin is situated in the Mokattam Hills area which is the highest point in Cairo. 
The Citadel of Saladin is the largest fortification in all of the Middle East and North Africa and sits majestically at the highest point of the City of Cairo leaving the visitor with breathtaking panoramic views across the City including the Mosques of Old Cairo and the Pyramids in the distance. Built around 1176 by the Ottoman leader Saladin as a defence against the Crusader invasions, the original walls still remain intact, however, the original interior building were destroyed by the Sultan Al Nasir of the Mamluks who’s mosque still remains within the walls. From the 19th Century, The enormous Muhammad Ali Mosque was built from the periods between 1824 to 1848 and was designed as the renowned ‘Blue’ Mosque’ in Istanbul Turkey.and is strikingly similar. 
There are several Museums within the Citadel including a Military Museum, Police Museum, Islamic Museum and the History of Egypt Museum along with displays of original aircrafts and tanks used in the wars. A restaurant and coffee shops are also available with souvenir shops and sellers. 
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