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A much smaller and less older version of a protective Fort is that of the Fort of Qaitbey in Alexandria. Whilst it is much smaller and less impressive to look at that the huge Citadel of Saladin (Ottoman Fortress in Cairo), it nonetheless played a very significant role in protecting Alexandria from sea invaders along the Mediterranean coastline. 
 
Location:
 
Located 3 hours from Cairo, the Qaitbey Fort sits right on the end of the Corniche in Alexandria and in a prominent position on the coastline. 
 
History:
 
Qaitbey Fort is an Alexandrian landmark, a doughty citadel buffeted by wind-borne spray, its flag forever rippling. Built during the 1480s and later redeveloped and improved by Mohammed Ali.It commands great views of the city and the spume-flecked Mediterranean. Within the restored ‘Keep’ there is a  Mosque in which it’s minaret was blown away by the British in 1882.The fort is thought to incorporate masonry from the legendary Pharos Ancient Alexandria’s lighthouse which once stood just offshore. One of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, the Pharos transcended its practical role as a navigational aid and early warning system, becoming synonymous with the city itself.
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